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  • Wiltshire E-O

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    E

    Earlscourt
    Ardescote: Stephen Carpenter.
    Earlscourt and Upper Earlscourt Farms.

    Easton Grey
    Estone: Roger de Berkeley. Mill.
    Mainly stone-built; on a Romano-British settlement site.

    Easton Piercy
    Estone: Arnulf de Hesdin.

    East Overton
    Overtone:
    Lost.

    Ebbesborne Wake
    Eblesborne: Robert from Robert FitzGerald.

    Edington
    Edentone: St. Mary of Romsey before and after 1066; Hervey of Wilton. 2 mills.
    Priory and church founded 1351 by the Bishop of Winchester, William of Edington.

    Elcombe
    Elecome: King's land, formerly Earl Aubrey.
    Elcombe Hall.

    Elston
    Wintreburne: Osbern Giffard.
    Elston House; Elston Farm.

    Enford
    Enedforde: Bishop of Winchester before and after 1066. 2 mills.
    On the River Avon; Enford Farm.

    Etchilhampton
    Ec(h)esatingetone: Edward of Salisbury; Edric's wife from Arnulf de Hesdin, formerly Edric; Erlechin from the king.
    Rural.

    Eysey
    Aisi: Reinbald the Priest. 2 mills (with Latton).

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    F

    Fifield Bavant
    Fifhide: Alfred of Marlborough, and Ralph and Wulfmer, the pre-Conquest holder, from him.
    On the River Ebble; Norman church, one of the smallest in Wiltshire.

    Figheldean
    Figheldean / Fisgledene: King's land, formerly Earl Aubrey; Harding the pre-Conquest holder, from the king. Mill.
    Near a Roman building site; Old Mill.

    Fisherton Anger
    Fiscartone: Haimo from Earl Hugh. Mill.
    Old mill.

    Fisherton de la Mere
    Fisertone: Roger de Courseulles. Mill.
    On the River Wylye.

    Fittleton
    Viteletone: Rainer from Robert FitzGerald. Mill.
    On the River Avon.

    Fonthill Gifford
    Fontel: Berengar Giffard. Mill.
    Wooded; Fonthill House and a deer park.

    Fosbury
    Fistesberie: Rainer from Robert FitzGerald.
    Fosbury Manor.

    Fovant
    Febefonte: Abbess of Wilton. 2 mills.
    Norman church; World War I army training area with regimental badges cut into the hillside.

    Foxley
    Foxelege: Roger de Berkeley. Mill.
    Foxley Manor; Foxley Green.

    Frustfield
    Ferst- / Fristesfeld / Cristesfeld / Fistesferie:
    Lost.

    Fyfield
    Fifhide: Edward from Bishop of Winchester.

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    G

    Garsdon
    Gardone: Malmesbury Abbey. 2 mills.
    Tudor manor house, home of George Washington's ancestors; Garsdon Wood.

    Gore
    Gare: Robert Marshall.
    St. Joan à Gore's Cross and Farm.

    Grafton
    Graf / Grastone: Hugh from William d'Eu; Richard Sturmy; Robert FitzRalph; Ralph de Hauville.
    Now 2 villages, East and West Grafton; Grafton Downs.

    Grimstead
    Gram / Gremestede: Herbert from Waleran Hunter; Cola and Aiulf's son from the king. Mill.
    Now 2 villages, East and West Grimstead.

    Grittleton
    Gretelintone: Glastonbury Abbey; Bishop of Coutances; Urso.
    Near Fosse Way, a Roman road.

    Groundwell
    Grendewelle: Hugh and Gerald from Humphrey de L'Isle.
    Groundwell Farm.

    Grovely (Wood)
    Grauelinges: the King's Foresters from the king.
    Huge wood; Grovely earthworks, an ancient settlement, nearby, ruined Grovely Castle.

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    H

    Ham
    Hame: Bishop of Winchester before and after 1066 and William from him.
    Georgian manor house.

    Hampton
    Hantone: Ranulf from Humphrey de L'Isle; Robert FitzRolf.

    Hannington
    Hanindone / dine: Glastonbury Abbey and Robert from the abbey. 2 mills.
    Hannington Hall, built 1653.

    Hardenhuish
    Hardenehus: Thorkell from Arnulf de Hesdin.
    Now a suburb of Chippenham.

    Harding
    Haredone: Richard Sturmy and Robert from him.
    Harding Farm.

    Hartham
    He(o)rtham: Edward from Earl Hugh; Thorketel from Edward of Salisbury; Hugh from Humphrey de L'Isle; Godric and Alfhild from the king. Small wood.
    Hartham Park, a Georgian house designed by James Wyatt.

    Hazelbury
    Haseberie: Reginald from Miles Crispin; Nigel the Doctor; Chipping, the pre-Conquest holder, from the king. Church.
    Well-restored Tudor manor house.

    Heddington
    Edintone: Edward of Salisbury, formerly Earl Harold.

    Heytesbury
    Hestebe: King's land with Alfward the Priest holding the church.
    Empress Maud, Henry II's mother, is said to have had a palace here.

    Highway
    Hiw(e)i: Malmesbury Abbey; Ralph de Mortimer.

    Highworth
    Wrde: King's land; Ralph the priest. Church.
    Town. A battle in 1645 left its mark on the church, where a Cromwellian cannonball is preserved.

    High Deverill
    Devrel: Edward of Salisbury and Aethelhelm from him; Osbern Giffard. Mill.
    Formerly a village.

    Hilmarton
    Adhelmertone / Helmerin / Helmertune: Robert from Arnulf de Hesdin, Ralph from William d'Eu; Aelfric Small from the king. 2 mills.
    On Cowage Brook; Hilmarton House.

    Hilperton
    Helperintone / -itune / Helprintone: Ansger Cook; William Cornelian; Godwin Clack, and Ealdhild, from the king.
    Large, by Hilperton Marsh on the outskirts of Trowbridge.

    Homington
    Humi(n)tone: Osbern the Priest.
    On the River Ebble; Homington House on Homington Downs.

    Horningham
    Horning(es)ham: Agenwulf, formerly his father, from the canons of Lisieux; Osmund from Alfred of Marlborough. Mill.
    Mill Farm on a stream. The Meeting House, probably the oldest dissenting chapel in England, was built by Sir John Thynne in 1566, for Scottish Presbyterian workers who were building Longleat at the time.

    Huish
    Iwis: Richard Sturmy.
    By Huish Hill where a prehistoric village was found.

    Hullavington
    Hunlavintone: Ralph de Mortimer, formerly Earl Harold.
    Disused airfield.

    Hurdcott (in Barford St. Martin)
    Hardicote: Humphrey de L'Isle. Mill.
    Hurdcott House and Upper Hurdcott Farm on the River Nadder.

    Hurdcott (in Winterbourne Earls)
    Herdicote: Waleran Hunter. ½ mill.
    Tiny; on the River Bourne.

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    I

    Idmiston
    Eunestetone: Glastonbury Abbey before and after 1066.
    On the River Bourne.

    Imber
    Imemerie: Ralph de Mortimer.
    Desolate; within an army battle training area; long barrow nearby.

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    K

    Keevil
    Chivele: Arnulf de Hesdin. 2 mills.
    Pretty; Keevil Manor, built 1580, where Ann Beach was imprisoned by her father for 2 years for falling in love with a curate.

    Kennett
    Chenet(e): Nicholas, Thurstan, Wulfgeat, Leofric and Wulfmer from Alfred of Marlborough; Richard from Waleran Hunter; St. Mary of Winchester from Hugh de Lasne. Mill.
    Now the village of East Kennett, where Stone Age skeletons and Bronze Age pottery have been found, and West Kennett, a hamlet by West Kennett Long Barrow.

    Kilmington
    Chelmetone / Cilemetone: Serlo de Burcy.

    Kingston Deverill
    Devrel: Canons of Lisieux.
    Sarcen stones mark the spot where Alfred met the forces from Hampshire, Somerset and Wiltshire on his march against the Danes in 878.

    Kington Langley
    Langhelei: Glastonbury Abbey, before and after 1066.
    Langley Gate Farm.

    Kington St. Michael
    Chintone: Roger from Ralph de Mortimer. Mill.
    Large; Priory Farm, with the remains of a Benedictine priory, founded 1155.

    Knighton
    Wenistetone: Harding, the pre-Conquest holder, from the king. Mill.
    Knighton Down long barrow.

    Knook
    Cunuche: Alfward Colling and Leofgeat (a woman who makes and made the king and queen's gold fringe) from the king. 2 mills.
    On the River Wylye; Knook Mill Farm.

    Knoyle
    Chenvel: King's land; Abbess of Wilton.
    Now 2 villages, West Knoyle and East Knoyle, birthplace of Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723).

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    L

    Lackham
    Lacham: Ralph from William d'Eu. 2 mills.
    Lackham College of Agriculture.

    Lacock
    Lacoc(h): Edward of Salisbury; Alfred of Marlborough. 2 mills, vineyard.
    One of England's most beautiful abbeys, founded as an Augustinian nunnery in 1229. W.H. Fox Talbot, father of photography, carried out his experiments here, in 1839.

    Landford
    Langeford: Otho, formerly his father, from the king. Mill.
    16th century Landford Manor.

    Langford
    Langforde: Glastonbury Abbey; Edward of Salisbury and Leidhard from him, Abbess of Wilton; Count of Mortain; Waleran Hunter and Ernburgis from him. 3 mills.
    Now 2 villages, Little and Steeple Langford, and a hamlet, Hanging Langford with an Iron Age camp.

    Langley Burrell
    Langefel: Burghelm from Edward of Salisbury; Wulfwy, the pre-Conquest holder.
    On the outskirts of Chippenham.

    Latton
    Latone: Reinbald the Priest. 2 mills (with Eysey).

    Laverstock
    Lauvrecestohes / Lavertestoche: Abbess of Wilton; Saeric from the king. Mill.
    Suburb of Salisbury.

    Lavington
    Laventone: Robert Marshall; Robert Blunt. 3 mills.
    Now 2 villages, Market Lavington, once a market town, and West Lavington.

    Liddington
    Ledentone: Abbess of Shaftesbury. 2 mills.
    Iron Age earthworks, Liddington Castle; Elizabethan manor house.

    Littlecott
    Litelcote: Thorketel from Miles Crispin.
    On Cowage Brook.

    Littleton Drew
    Liteltone: Robert from Bishop of Coutances. Mill.

    Littleton Pannell
    Liteltone: William d'Audrieu from William d'Eu.
    2 houses, à Becket's, and the 18th century manor house.

    Lockeridge
    Locherige: Durand of Gloucester.
    On the River Kennet, Lockeridge House, Georgian.

    Longbridge Deverill
    Devrel: Glastonbury Abbey. 4 mills.
    Now 2 villages, Monkton and Longbridge Deverill. In 1665 Sir James Thynne of Longleat founded the Thynne almhouses at Longbridge Deverill; the church at Monkton Deverill is dedicated to 'Alfred, King of the West Saxons' who 'camped the night in the Deverill valley before giving the Danes a sound beating at the great Battle of Ethandune' in 878.

    Longford
    Langeford: Wulfgeat Hunter from the king. Mill.
    Longford Castle in Longford Park, built in the late 1500s by Sir Thomas Gorges. Capability Brown laid out the park.

    Luckington
    Lochintone: Herman from Durand of Gloucester, formerly Earl Harold; Edward from Ralph de Mortimer.
    Luckington Court, once called Peach House, was one of King John's hunting boxes.

    Ludgershall
    Litlegarsele: Edward of Salisbury.
    Ruined keep of a castle built by the Normans on the site of a Saxon stronghold. Queen Maud sought shelter here when fleeing from King Stephen.

    Lus Hill
    Rusteselle: Edward of Salisbury and Howard from him; Gunter from Humphrey de L'Isle. 2 mills.

    Lydiard Millicent
    Lidiarde: King's land. Mill.
    Quiet.

    Lydiard Tregoze
    Lediar: Alfred of Marlborough.
    Lydiard Park, home of the St. John family for 4 centuries, now open to the public.

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    M

    Maddington
    Wintreburne: Amesbury Church; Matthew de Mortagne.
    A nunnery once stood at Maddington Farm.

    Maiden Bradley
    Bradelie: Walter Giffard from the king. 2 mills.
    Priory Farm on the site of a 12th century leper hospital, later an Augustinian priory.

    Malmesbury
    Ma(l)mesberie: King's land, Malmesbury Abbey; Glastonbury Abbey and various landholders. Mill.
    Town, a weaving centre until the 18th century. King Aethelstan, who founded the hospital, was buried here 1000 years ago; the Normans built Malmesbury Abbey on the spot.

    Manningford
    Maniford / Maneforde: Winchester Abbey; Almaric of Dreux; Grimbald Goldsmith from the king. 2 mills.
    Now 3 villages, Manningford Abbots, Bohune and Bruce, on the River Avon.

    Manton
    Manetune: Reginald from Miles Crispin.
    Pretty; on the River Kennet.

    Marden
    Meresdene: Hugh FitzBaldric and Walter, his son-in-law, from him. Mill.
    Marden Circle, a Stone Age earthwork; mill.

    Marlborough
    Merleberge: King's land; William Beaufour. Church.
    Town later called after 'Maerl's Barrow', an ancient burial place in the grounds of Marlborough College. St. Mary's Church is Norman; Cardinal Wolsey was ordained in the other church, St. Peter's, in 1498.

    Marten
    Mar / Mertone: Odolina from the king; Ralph and Thorbert. Vines.

    Melksham
    Melchesham: King's land, formerly Earl Harold, with Rumold the priest holding the church; Liseman from the king. 8 mills.
    Industrial. St. Michael's Church has Norman features.

    Mere
    Mera / Mere: Godric Hunter, Wulfric and Wulfnoth from the king.
    Castle Hill, site of a medieval fortress. Its terraces were supposedly built by the Romans for vines.

    Middleton (Lilbourne)
    Mideltone:
    Lost.

    Mildenhall
    Milenhalle: Edward from Glastonbury Abbey. Mill.
    On the River Kennet.

    Milford
    Meleford: Jocelyn from Humphrey de L'Isle (half in the king's forest); Wulfgeat from the king.
    Now a suburb of Salisbury; medieval double bridge over the River Bourne.

    Milston
    Mildestone: Earl Roger and Thorold from him; Robert and Robert FitzGerald. Mill.
    On the River Avon, birthplace of the politician and writer Joseph Addison (1672-1719).

    Monkton Farleigh
    Farlege: Brictric, his brother from him and Aelfric from the king.
    Tudor manor house on the site of an ancient priory.

    Moredon
    Mordone / tune: Albert from Alfred of Marlborough; Thurstan from Gilbert de Breteuil; Robert FitzRolf.
    District of Swindon.

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    N

    Netheravon
    Nigra Avra / Nigravre: King's land, formerly Earl Harold, with Nigel the Doctor holding the church; Durand from Nigel the Doctor; Hervey. Derelict church with damaged roof, 3 mills.
    On a Roman building site; All Saints Church, originally Saxon.

    Nettleton
    Niteltone: Glastonbury Abbey. 3 mills.
    A Roman temple was built on top of Nettleton Tumulus, a long green mound with 3 stones.

    Newton Tony
    Newentone: Alfred of Marlborough. Mill.
    On the River Bourne; named after the de Tosny family, 13th century lords of the manor.

    North Newnton
    Newetone: Abbess of Wilton before and after 1066. Mill.
    On the River Avon.

    North Tidworth
    Todew(o)rde / Todowrde: Bishop of Bayeux and Odo from him; Edward of Salisbury; Croc.
    Town near Sidbury Hill, an ancient fort. Now dominated by military barracks.

    North Wraxall
    Werochesalle: Godfrey from Edward of Salisbury. 2 mills.
    Pretty; in woods.

    Norton
    Nortone: Malmesbury Abbey. Mill.
    Manor house.

    Norton Bavant
    Nortone: Alfred of Marlborough. 2 mills.
    By the River Wylye, on a Roman villa site. Scratchbury Camp, a fort built c.100BC is nearby, with traces of a smaller camp (c.2000BC) within it.

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    O

    Oaksey
    Wochesie: Brictric from the king. Mill.
    Norwood Castle, a group of earthworks; Oaksey Moor Farm.

    Odstock
    Odestoche: Brictric from the king. Mill.
    17th century manor house on the River Ebble.

    Ogbourne
    Ocheburne / borne: King's land; Miles Crispin, formerly Earl Harold; Harding; the pre-Conquest holder and Thorkell from the king. Mill.
    Now 2 villages, Ogbourne St. Andrew and St. George on the River Og; many ancient earthworks.

    Orcheston
    Orc(h)estone: Hugh and William from Edward of Salisbury; Osbern Giffard.
    Named for its abundance of Orcheston grass.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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