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  • Suffolk A-B

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    A

    Acton
    Achetuna / Aketona / Aratona: Ranulf Peverel. Church, 2 mills, 7 beehives, 11 horses, 31 beasts, 160 pigs, 423 sheep.
    Church with one of the finest military brasses in existence (1302). Akenham
    Acheham / Achre(h)am / Acreham: King's land, kept by William de Noyers; Roger de Poitou; Roger de Raismes's daughter from him; Turstin, Bernhard and Roger from Walter the Deacon. Church.
    Partly Norman church.

    Akethorpe
    Aketorp:
    Lost.

    Aldeborough
    Aldeburc: Robert Malet's mother; Abbot of Ely and Norman from him. 2 churches.
    Seaside town. Ship auctions were held in the church. Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears founded the famous music festival here in 1948.

    Alderton
    Al(r)etuna: Robert Malet's mother and Walter de Caen from her; Abbot of Ely. Church.
    Marshland; near the sea; Martello Tower; signs of early settlements; remains of an ancient moated hall.

    Aldham
    Aldeham / Ealdham / Ialelham: Abbot of St. Edmund's and Berard from him; Aubrey de Vere. Church, 2 mills.
    Priory remains.

    Aldringham
    Alrincham: Robert Malet.
    Expanding; Bronze Age barrows.

    Alnesbourn
    Alvesbrunna: Roger de Poitou and Albert from him.
    Remains of a priory near Ipswich.

    Alston
    Alteinestuna:
    Lost.

    Ampton
    Hametuna: Abbot of St. Edmund's and Robert from him. Church.
    Wooded. The hall, now rebuilt, was the birthplace of the meteorologist Vice-Admiral FitzRoy, who commanded the Beagle (1828-36).

    Ash
    Esce: Robert Malet's mother and Norman the Sheriff from her.
    Probably Ash Abbey, on the River Deben; remains of a priory; mill.

    Ashbocking
    Ass(i)a / Essa / Hassa: King's land, formerly kept by Godric; Osbern de Wancey from Richard FitzGilbert; Abbot of Ely.
    Roman road; Iron Age and Roman remains.

    Ash Street
    Asce: Count of Mortain.

    Ashfield
    Asfelda / Assafelda / Assefelda: Count Alan; Earl Hugh; Gilbert from Robert Malet; Bishop of Bayeux; Humphrey the Chamberlain; Ranulf from Hervey de Bourges; Abbot of Ely. Church (with Thorpe in Ashfield).
    Roman road nearby.

    Ashfield (Great)
    Eascefelda: Robert Blunt and William from him. Church, 10 beehives.
    2 moated sites; Castle Hill.

    Aspall
    Aspala / -pella / Espala / -palle: Robert Malet's mother; Bishop of Bayeux and Roger Bigot and Ralph de Savigny from him; Ranulph Peverel. One third of a church; one third of a fair.
    Jacobean hall with moats converted into water gardens and an ancient Cider House.

    Assington
    Asetona: Ranulph Peverel. Church, mill, 14 beehives. 5 horses, 23 beasts, 60 pigs.
    Mill Farm.

    Aveley
    Aluenelega: Swein of Essex. Mill. 49 pigs, 4 beasts.
    Aveley Hall near Assington.

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    B

    Bacton
    Bachetuna: Walter the Deacon. Church. 100 sheep, 36 goats.
    Manor House Farm, c.1715, owned by the Pretymans since 1568; church with glass by William Morris and Sir Edward Burne-Jones.

    Badingham
    Badincham / Hadincham: Robert Malet's mother and Walter, Loernic and Robert from her. Church, beehive. 60 goats, 32 pigs.
    Partly Norman church; Okenhill Hall, 1552.

    Badley
    Badele(i)a: King's land, kept by Godric; Richard FitzGilbert; Abbot of Ely. Church, mill.
    Ancient Lady Well.

    Badmondisfield
    Bademondes / Bademundesfelda: King's land, kept by Picot. Church.
    Moated hall.

    Ballingdon
    Belindune: Ralph the Haunted from Peter de Valognes. 33 cattle, 28 pigs.
    Some houses.

    Bardwell
    Bardewella:
    Lost.

    Bardwell
    Boerdewella / Berdeuuella: Abbot of St. Edmund's and Peter de Valognes from him. Church, 2 parts of a mill.
    Elizabethan hall.

    Barham
    Bercham: William Gulaffra from Robert Malet; Roger de Poitou and Gosbert from him; Roger d'Auberville, the pre-Conquest holder, from Abbot of Ely. Church, mill.
    6 Roman roads converged here; Shrubland Hall, 1850-2, now a health farm.

    Barkestone
    Barchestuna:
    Lost.

    Barking
    Berchingas / -ingis / Berkinges: Abbot of Ely before and after 1066. 2 churches, weir, vineyard. 23 beasts, 30 pigs, 100 sheep, 48 goats.
    Home of Sir Nicholas Bacon, brother of Francis and High Sheriff of Suffolk, 1581; Iron Age farm with storage pits.

    Barnby
    Barnebei / -by: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot; Hugh FitzNorman from Earl Hugh. Church.
    Thatched cottage.

    Barnham
    Ber(n)ham: Earl Hugh; Roger Bigot; Abbot of St. Edmund's and Fulchard from him; Hugh FitzGold from William de Warenne; Hugh de Montfort. 3 mills. 12 forest mares, 25 pigs, 420 sheep.
    Anglo-Saxon coffin lid in a cottage wall.

    Barningham
    Berni(n)cham / Berningeham: Henry de Ferrers; Abbot of St. Edmund's; Peter de Valognes. Church.
    Surrounded by ponds.

    Barrow
    Barro: King's land, kept by Picot. Church. 40 swine, 100 sheep, 60 goats.
    Large green; church with a Norman window; Wolf Hall, a Tudor farmhouse.

    Barsham
    Barsham / Bersham: Warin son of Brunwin from Robert Malet's mother; Roger Bigot and Robert de Vals from him; Bishop of Thetford. church, mill.
    Thatched, partly Norman church.

    Barton Mills
    Bertona / -tunna: Richard FitzGilbert, formerly Godeva a free woman; William de Watteville. 2 fisheries.
    Named after a large corn-mill on the River Lark; Bronze Age barrow.

    Battisford
    Beteforda / Betes- / Botes- / fort: Count of Mortain; Roger Bigot and William de Brunoville from him; Roger de Cando from Hugh de Montfort; Eudo FitzSpirwic and Jarnagot from him; Siward from the Vavassors. 2 chuches.
    Moated site. Sir Thomas Gresham, founder of the Royal Exchange (1564), had estates here.

    Bawdsey
    Balde(re)seia: Robert Malet's mother; Ralph de Beaufour; Abbot of Ely. Church.
    Martello Tower built as a defence against Napoleon.

    Baylham
    Bel(e)ham: Roger Bigot and William de Burnoville, Ulmar and Waranger from him. church, 2 mills. 8 beasts, 40 pigs, 105 sheep.
    Ancient mill house; watermill; moated 16th century farmhouse.

    Beccles
    Becles: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot; Abbot of St. Edmund's before and after 1066. Church, market, manor (60,000 herrings).
    Ancient town. On the sea in 1086, it now looks over marshes and the River Waveney.

    Bedfield
    Berdefelda: Robert Malet's mother and Humphrey from her.

    Bedingfield
    Badinga / Bedingafelda / Bading(h)efelda / gelelda- / Bating- / Bedingefelda: Robert Malet; Robert Malet's mother; Abbot of St. Edmund's; Bishop of Thetford; Roger de Candos from Hugh de Montfort; Ralph de Limesy; a freeman. church.
    Named after the family who lived almost continuously at Fleming's Hall from c.1309.

    Belstead
    Bel(e)steda: Robert Malet; Bishop of Bayeux; Aubrey de Vere; Countess of Albemarle; Robert de Stratford. Church, mill.

    Belton
    Beletuna: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot. 160 sheep.
    Belton marshes; dormitory development for Yarmouth.

    Benacre
    Benagra: Abbot of St. Edmund's.
    By marshes and sea.

    Benhall
    Benehal(l)a / Benehala: Count Alan; Robert Malet and Robert de Glanville and Hubert from him; Roger Bigot and Norman from him.
    Now Benhall Street. The lord of the manor married Geoffrey Chaucer's daughter here.

    Bentley
    Benetleia: King's land, kept by Aluric Wanz; Furic and Aluric from Count Alan. Church, mill, park.
    Straggling; near a Roman road; church with Norman traces.

    Beversham
    Beuresham:
    Lost.

    Beyton
    Begatona: Hugh de Montfort, formerly Edith the Rich.
    Adjoins Beyton Green village.

    Bildeston
    Bilestuna: Walter the Deacon, formerly Queen Edith. Church.
    Small town which once had an important market and was famous for its cloth.

    Bing
    Benga / ges: Walter de Caen from Robert Malet's mother.
    Byng Hall near Ufford.

    Bixley
    Bichelea: Count Alan; Abbot of Ely; Hugh de Montfort.
    Bixley Farm by Ipswich suburbs.

    Blakenham
    Blac(he)ham: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot and Godric; Roger de Poitou and Albert from him; William d'Ecouis and Brunard from him; Roger d'Auberville. Church, 2 mills.
    Now 2 villages, Great and Little Blakenham; mill at Little Blakenham.

    Blaxhall
    Bla(c)cheshala / -essala / Blactheshala: Hamo de Valenis from Count Alan; Gilbert, William de Smalavilla and Ranulph from Robert Malet; Roger Bigot and Norman from him; Roger de Poitou; Ralph de Langhetot from Walter Giffard; Abbot of Ely.
    Heathland; tumuli nearby.

    Blundeston
    Dun(e)stuna: Count Alan; Roger Bigot and Robert de Vals from him.
    Near coast; said to be the Blunderstone of Dickens's David Copperfield.

    Blyford
    Blideforda: Godric the Steward. Church, mill.
    Church with a Norman doorway.

    Blythburgh
    Blede- / Blieburc / Blideburc / -burgh / -buro: Osbern Mascalus from the king, held by Roger Bigot; Robert Malet's mother. Church. 3,000 herrings, a days provision of honey. 3 oxen.
    Flourishing Roman and Saxon port. Its church, among the finest in Suffolk, is on a 7th century church site.

    Bosmere
    Besemera: Abbot of Ely.
    Bosmere Hall near Needham Market.

    Boulge
    Bulges: Count Alan; Robert Malet's mother and Robert de Glanville from her; Roger de Poitou; William de Warenne and Robert from him; Geoffrey de Mandeville; Ralph brother of Ilger; Countess of Albemarle; Hervey de Bourges. Church.
    Family home and burial place of Edward FitzGerald (1809-93), translator of Omar Khayyám.

    Boxted
    Boesteda: Roger de Poitou.
    The Poley family home since c.1400.

    Boynton
    Boituna: Count Alan and Ulesan from him; Robert de Stratford.
    Boynton Hall near Capel St. Mary.

    Boyton (near Alderton)
    Bohtuna / Boituna: Walter son of Grip, Humphrey FitzRobert and William Gulafa from Robert Malet's mother. 3 churches, mill.
    In marshland. It was once a coastal village; the remains of a jetty are below Dock Farm.

    Boyton (in Stoke-by-Clare)
    Alia Boituna: Robert FitzGilbert and Ralph and W. Peret from him.
    Now Boyton End.

    Bradfield
    Bradefelda / fella: Count of Mortain; Abbot of St. Edmund's before and after 1066, and Roric and Falk from him. Church. 80 goats.
    Now 3 villages, Bradfield Combust, St. Clare and Bradfield St. George, which has a partly Norman church.

    Bradley
    Bradeleia: Abbot of St. Edmund's; Richard FitzGilbert and 4 Freemen from him; Robert de Tosny. Church, beehive. 53 pigs.
    Now 2 villages, Great and Little Bradley. There is an aisle-less 11th century church in Little Bradley.

    Braiseworth
    Briseuolda / Briseworde / wrda: Robert Malet's mother. Church, mill.
    Church with a Norman doorway.

    Bramfield
    Bru(n)felda: Count Alan. 24 pigs, 30 goats.
    Ancient Castle Yard; Tudor hall with a Georgian front.

    Bramford
    Bran / Brunfort: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot. Church. 12 sheep, 20 pigs, 24 beasts.
    Now a suburb of Ipswich; 16th and 17th century cottages.

    Brampton
    Bramtuna / Brantuna: King's land, kept by William de Noyers; Ralph Baynard; Robert de Curcan from Roger Bigot. Church.
    Manor farm.

    Brandeston (near Framlingham)
    Brandes / Brantestuna: Abbot of Ely and Hervey de Bituricensis from him; William d'Arcis. Church, mill, 3 beehives, 20 pigs.
    Weir; working forge. John Lowes, a 16th century vicar, was condemned to death for witchcraft; he confessed under torture to employing imps to sink ships.

    Brandeston (in Waldingfield)
    Brantestona: Ralph de Courbépine from Bishop of Bayeux. 23 pigs, 2 horses, 100 sheep.
    Brandeston Hall near a Roman road.

    Brandon
    Brandona / Brantona: Abbot of Ely; Eudo the Steward. Church, fishery. 2 donkeys, 200 sheep.
    Town, once a flint-knapping centre.

    Brantham
    Brantestuna / Branham / Brantham: Godinc from Count Alan; Hubert from Robert Malet; Bishop of Bayeux; William d'Alno from Robert Gernon, formerly Tela a free woman; Roger from Ralph brother of Ilger. Mill, saltpan.
    Large; industrial.

    Bredfield
    Berdefelda / Berdesfella / Bradefelda / -fella / Bredefeld(a) / -fella: Count Alan; Robert Malet's mother and Walter de Caen and Norman from her; Roger Bigot; Abbot of Ely and Robert Malet and Hervey de Berruarius from him; Richard FitzGilbert; Robert de Glanville from William de Warenne; Hervey de Bourges and Peter from him. Church, 3 oxen.
    Moated site known as Bradfield Castle; birthplace of Edward FitzGerald ( 1809-83).

    Brettenham
    Bretenhama / Bretham / Brettham: Count of Mortain; Abbot of St. Edmund's and Arnulf from him; Richard FitzGilbert. Church.
    Roman camp.

    Bricett
    Brieseta: Richard FitzGilbert and Roger de Orbec and Ranulph Peverel from him; Gilbert from Roger d'Auberville; William, brother of Roger d'Auberville and Fulcho from him; Anschetill from Roger de Raismes. Church. 15 beasts, 50 pigs, 140 sheep.
    Now the village of Great Bricett with a partly Norman church, and Little Bricett, a hamlet with a moated site.

    Bridge
    Briges / Bringas: Roger Bigot and Robert de Curcun from him. 2 mills, saltpan. 20 goats.
    Bridge Farm by Dunwich River and the sea.

    Brightwell
    Brihtewelle: Abbot of Ely. 2 mills, church.
    Heathland.

    Brockford
    Brocfort: Abbot of St. Edmund's before and after 1066.
    Now Brockford Street; Brockford House near a Roman road; moated site.

    Brockley (near Whepstead)
    Brocle(ga): Roger de Poitou; Richard from Robert FitzCorbucion; Abbot of St. Edmund's. Church.
    2 moated sites; ancient hall site.

    Brockley (in Kedington)
    Brochola: Robert FitzGilbert.
    Now Brockley Green near Kedington.

    Brome
    Brom / Brum: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot; Robert Malet and William Scutet and Warin from him; Roger Bigot and Hugh de Corbon from him; Ralph de Beaufour; Abbot of St. Edmund's; Bishop of Thetford. church.
    Moated site; church with a Norman doorway.

    Bromeswelle
    Bram(m)eswella / Bromeswella / Brumesuelle / -swella, Brumfella: Count Alan; Robert Malet's mother and Hubert de Monchensey and Gilbert de Colville from her; Abbot of Ely and Robert Malet from him. 2 churches.
    Large; partly Norman church.

    Browston
    Brockestuna: King's land, kept by Roger Bigot.
    Now Browston Green.

    Bruisyard
    Buresiart: Hamo de Valenis from Count Alan; Roger Bigot and Ralph de Turlaville from him. 24 pigs.
    Hall, c.1610, on the site of a 14th century chantry college, later a nunnery of Poor Clares.

    Brundon
    Branduna: Ralph de Limesy.
    Brundon Hall on the River Stour near Sudbury.

    Bucklesham
    Buclesham / Bukelesham: Count of Mortain; Abbot of Ely. Church.
    Hall on a prehistoric settlement and burial site.

    Bulcamp
    Bulecampa / campe: Roger Bigot from the king and Robert de Vals from him. Godric the Steward. 40 goats.
    Bulcamp House, built 1765-6 as a workhouse by Thomas Fulcher, who received 15 guineas for his drawings and attendances; now an old people's 'hospital'.

    Bungay
    Bongeia / Bung- / Burghea: King's land, kept by William de Noyers; Earl Hugh and William from him. 4 churches, 2 mills. 60 goats, 100 sheep.
    Town, mainly 18th century. Its 12th century castle, built by Earl Hugh Bigod, was restored in 1965. St. Mary's was originally the church of the Benedictine nunnery founded by Gundreda, wife of Roger de Glanville. There is a butter cross in the market place.

    Bures
    Bura / Bure: Abbot of St. Edmund's before and after 1066; Richard FitzGilbert; Roger de Raismes; John FitzWaleran, formerly King Edward. Church, mill. 50 pigs, 100 sheep.
    Mill. St. Edmund was crowned here, Christmas Day, 855. St. Stephen's Chapel, 1218, contains the tombs of 3 Earls of Oxford. 2 16th century houses.

    Burgate (near Eye)
    Burgata: Adelm from Aubrey de Vere. Churches. 12 horses, 80 pigs, 176 sheep, 57 goats.
    Name means 'burial gate'. King Edmund the Martyr's body lay for a night here on its journey from Hoxne to Bury St. Edmund's. Traces of Iron Age occupation; Saxon earthwork.

    Burgate (in Walton)
    Buregata: Roger Bigot and Wihtmar from him.
    Part of Felixstowe.

    Burgh (in Walton)
    Burch / Burg: Ralph brother of Ilger.
    Part of Felixstowe.

    Burgh (near Woodbridge)
    Burc(g) / Burg / Burch / Burh(c): Count Alan; Earl Hugh; Roger de Poitou and Ernolf from him; Abbot of Ely; Roger de Glanville from William de Warenne; Hugh de Montfort; Geoffrey de Mandeville; Countess of Albemarle; Humphrey the Chamberlain.
    Roman villa site above an important Belgic Iron Age site containing pottery.

    Burgh Castle
    Burch: Ralph the Crossbowman. 3 saltpans. 160 sheep.
    Marshes. The castle is a Roman fort, Garianonum, probably built c.290 AD; 3 massive walls remaining.

    Burstall
    Burgestala / Burghestala: Bishop of Bayeux and Ralph de Savigny and Roger Bigot from him; Richard FitzGilbert and Ulmar from him; Ranulph Peverel. Church, mill.

    Bury St. Edmunds
    Villa Sancti Eadmundi: Abbot of St. Edmund's. 2 mills, monastery, 2 fishponds. 30 priests, deacons and clerks, 28 nuns and poor persons, 75 bakers, ale brewers, tailors, washerwomen, shoemakers, robe makers, porters, cooks and agents, 34 knights, French and English, 342 houses. 118 monks.
    Town on the River Lark. Industries include brewing as well as agriculture. The ruins of the medieval abbey are in Abbey Gardens.

    Butley
    Butelai / lea: Count Alan; Robert Malet's mother and Walter FitzAubrey from her; Roger de Poitou.
    Coastal; marshland; remains of Augustinian priory, founded 1171 by Ranulph de Glanville. 14 century gatehouse; late Neolithic 'Beaker' settlement nearby.

    Buxhall
    Bukeshala / -ssalla / Buressalla: Count Eustace; Roger Bigot; Roger de Poitou; Frodo the Abbot's brother; Abbot of Ely; William de Warenne and Humphrey from him. Church, mill.
    Copinger family manor, 1428-1948. Sir William (b.1512) was Lord Mayor of London.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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