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  • Northamptonshire A-E

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    A

    Abington
    Abintone: Richard. Mill.
    Suburb of Northampton.

    Achurch
    Asechirce: Azelin and 2 Englishmen from Peterborough. Abbey.
    Riverside. Also known as Thorpe Achurch.

    Adstone
    A / Etenestone: King's land; Leofwin the priest from the king; Alfred from Count of Mortain. 2 mills.

    Ailsworth
    Eglesworde: Peterborough Abbey; 3 of the abbot's men-at-arms. 2 mills.

    Alderton
    Aldritone: Count of Mortain and a thane from him.
    Attractive; limestone; castle ringwork.

    Aldwincle (All Saints and St. Peter)
    Aldevincle / Eldewincle: Peterborough Abbey; Picto, Landric and Oger from Guy de Raimbeaucourt. Mill.
    2 medieval churches. Birthplace of the poet John Dryden (1631-1700).

    Althorp
    Olletorp: Count of Mortain; William Peverel.
    Althorp Park, a Tudor house transformed by Henry Holland, is ancestral home of the Spencer family, to which the late Diana, Princess of Wales, belonged.

    Apethorpe
    Patorp: King's land. Mill.
    15th century hall.

    Armston
    Mermeston: Peterborough Abbey, and 5 men-at-arms from the Abbey.

    Arthingworth
    Arninguorde / Arniworde / Erniwade / Narninworde: King's land; St. Edmund's Abbey; Humphrey from Count of Mortain.

    Ashby St. Ledgers
    Ascebi: Hugh de Grandmesnil.
    The Gunpowder Plot is said to have been planned in house of Catesbys here.

    Ashley
    Asce / Ascele(i): Gunfrid, Walkelin and Wibert from Robert de Tosny; Walter from Robert de Bucy; 3 Freemen from Countess Judith. Mill.
    Remodelled by Richard Pulteney, a 19th century squarson.

    Ashton (near Oundle)
    Ascetone: Peterborough Abbey and Ivo from the Abbey. 2 mills (325 eels).
    Model village recreated in 1900 by Charles Rothschild.

    Ashton (near Roade)
    Asce: Dodin and Bondi from Winemar.
    Sprawling.

    Astcote
    Aviescote: Gelder from Walter the Fleming.

    Aston le Walls
    Estone: Mauger from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Traces of a wall; 18th century manor house.

    Astwell
    Estwelle: Geoffrey and Robert from Giles brother of Ansculf. Mill.
    Astwell Castle.

    Aynho
    Aienho: Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill.
    Aynho Park, extensively altered by John Soane, 1800-1805.

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    B

    Badby
    Badebi: Crowland Abbey. Mill. Pretty; ironstone.
    Prehistoric earthworks.

    Barby
    Berchebi: Payne from William Peverel.

    Barford
    Bereford(e): Oslac White with 2 freemen from the king. Mill.

    Barnack
    Bernac: Odbert from William FitzAnsculf.
    Barnack Rag, quarried here from Roman times to the 18th century, was used to build cathedrals, abbeys and the local Saxon church; Saxon tower.

    Barnwell
    Bernewelle: King's land; Ramsey Abbey. 2 mills.
    Remains of 13th century castle in the grounds of Tudor Barnwell Castle.

    Barton Seagrave
    Bertone: Robert from Bishop of Coutances. 2 mills.
    Expanding; Queen Anne rectory; Georgian hall.

    Benefield
    Benefeld: Richard the Artificer.
    Medieval castle site.

    Billing
    Bel(l)inge / Bellica: Count of Mortain; Gunfrid de Chocques; Gilbert de Cook. 2 mills.
    District of Bellinge, containing former villages of Great and Little Billing, now lost among housing estates. Great Billing church was consecrated in 1759 because it was thought the Devil had destroyed its spire.

    Blakesley
    Baculveslea / Blachesleuue / Blaculveslea / Blaculveslei: King's land; Saegrim from Count of Mortain; Earl Hugh; Walter from William Peverel. Mill.
    The poet John Dryden lived here.

    Blatherwycke
    Blarewiche: Norman from Robert de Bucy. Mill.
    Lake.

    Blisworth
    Blidesworde: William Peverel. Mill.
    Grand Union Canal.

    Boddington
    Botendone: Leofwin from Count of Mortain; Robert from Earl Hugh.
    Now 2 hamlets, Lower and Upper Boddington.

    Boughton
    Bochetone / Buchedone / Buchetone / Buchenho: Godwin the priest from the king; Robert from Robert de Bucy; Countess Judith and Gerard from her.
    On the edge of suburban Northampton.

    Boughton (in Weekley)
    Boctone: St. Edmund's Abbey; Gunfrid de Chocques. Mill.
    17th century Boughton House; grounds by Le Notre.

    Bozeat
    Bosieta / Bosiete: Lancelin and William Peverel; Thurstan and Winemar from Countess Judith.
    Ironstone.

    Brackley
    Brachelai: King's land. Church, mill.
    Market town.

    Bradden
    Bradene: William frrom Robert de Bucy; David.
    Manor house.

    Brafield on the Green
    Brache(s)feld / Bragefelde: William from Bishop of Bayeux; Countess Judith and Winemar from her.

    Brampton
    Brantone: Wulfmer from the Count of Mortain. Mill.
    2 adjoining hamlets, Chapel and Church Brampton.

    Brampton Ash
    Brantone: Hildwin from Robert de Tosny; Hugh from Robert de Bucy; Countess Judith.
    Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, is said to have won the manor while gambling with a member of the Norwich family, who had held it since 1427.

    Braunston
    Brandestone: William from Bishop of Bayeux; Walter d'Aincourt. Mill.
    Canalside.

    Braybrooke
    Badebroc / Baiebroc / Bradebroc: St. Edmund's Abbey; Grestain Abbey; Robert de Vessey; Hugh from Robert de Bucy.
    Medieval castle earthworks.

    Brigstock
    Bricstoc: King's land. Mill.
    Saxon church tower; medieval manor; market cross.

    Brington
    Brin(in)tone: Count of Mortain; William Peverel.
    Now 2 villages, Little Brington, with a Roman road, and Great Brington.

    Brixworth
    Briclesworde: King's land; 2 mills, priest.
    Large; Saxon church, probably the finest surviving 7th century building north of the Alps.

    Brockhall
    Brocole: Count of Mortain.
    Jacobean manor house; Elizabethan hall.

    Broughton
    Burtone: King's land; Countess Judith.
    Large; industrial.

    Bugbrooke
    Buchebroc(h): Count of Mortain. 2 mills.
    Mill; manor house.

    Burghley
    Burglea: Geoffrey from Peterborough Abbey.
    Elizabethan Burghley House, home of the Cecil family since c.1520.

    Burton Latimer
    Burtone: Walkelin and Richard from Bishop of Coutances; Guy de Raimbeaucourt. 2 mills.
    Small industrial town; mill.

    Byfield
    Bifelde / Bivelde: Ivo from Hugh de Grandmesnil; Robert from Earl Hugh.
    Manor house.

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    C

    Caldecott
    Caldecote: William Peverel.

    Canons Ashby
    Ascebi: Hugh from Walter the Fleming.
    Bronze Age barrows nearby. House built by John Dryden, an ancestor of the poet.

    Castle Ashby
    Asebi: Hugh from Countess Judith. Mill.
    House with screen by Inigo Jones; grounds by Capability Brown.

    Castor
    Castre: Peterborough Abbey. Mill.
    Roman remains excavated here; farmhouse with Saxon window.

    Catesby
    Catesbi: William Peverel. 2 mill.
    Now 2 hamlets, Upper Catesby and Lower Catesby which has the fishponds of a 12th century Benedictine nunnery.

    Chacombe
    Cewecumbe: Godfrey from Bishop of Lincoln. 3 mills.

    Chadstone
    Cedestone: Drogo de Beuvrière.

    Charlton
    Cerlintone: Adam from Bishop of Bayeux; Ralph from Count of Mortain.
    Iron Age Rainsborough Camp with Roman dry-stone walling.

    Charwelton
    Celverton / Cerveltone / Cerweltone: Baldwin from Thorne Abbey; Ralph and William from Count of Mortain; Walter from Hugh de Grandmesnil. Mill.

    Chelveston
    Celuestone: William Peverel.

    Chilcotes
    Cildecote:
    Lost.

    Clipston
    Clipestone / tune: King's land; Walkelin from Bishop of Coutances; St. Edmund's Abbey; William Peverel.

    Clopton
    Clotone / Dotone: Navisford; Eustace and Aelmer from Peterborough Abbey; Alfred from Eustace of Huntingdon.
    Was also known as Clapton.

    Cogenhue
    Cugenho: Norigot from Guy de Raimbeaucourt; Norgiold from Countess Judith. Mill.
    Mill.

    Cold Ashby
    Essibi: Coventry Abbey; Count of Mortain; William Peverel; Geoffrey de La Guerche.

    Cold Higham
    Hecham: Count of Mortain; Godwin from Walter the Fleming.
    Windswept.

    Collingtree
    Colentreu: Geoffrey Alselin.

    Collyweston
    Westone: Herlwin from Ralph de Limesy. Mill.
    Church with possible Saxon fabric; manor house with locally quarried roof tiles.

    Corby
    Corb(e)i: King's land. Iron workings before 1066.
    New town, formerly a steel town.

    Cosgrove
    Covesgrave: Count of Mortain; Winemar. Mill.
    Roman bath house.

    Coton
    Cota / Cote: William Peverel. Mill.

    Cotterstock
    Codestoche: 2 men-at-arms from Peterborough Abbey.
    Medieval hall.

    Cottesbrooke
    Codesbroc / Cotesbroc: Walter the Fleming; Dodin from the king. Mill.
    The Hall possibly the model for Jane Austen's Mansfield Park.

    Cottingham
    Cotingeham: Peterborough Abbey. Mill.
    Roman road.

    Courteenhall
    Alio Cortenhalo / Cortenhale: William Peverel and Thurstan from him.
    Hall in park.

    Cranford
    Craneford: Robert from Bishop of Coutances; Robert and Godric from Peterborough Abbey; Odelin from Guy de Raimbeaucourt. Mill.
    Now 2 villages, Cranford St. John, with a manor house, and Cranford St. Andrew.

    Cransley
    Craneslea / leg: King's land; Gunfrid de Chocques; Countess Judith.
    Now Great Cransley, a village, and Little Cransley, some houses.

    Creaton
    Craptone / Cre(p)tone: Count of Mortain; Robert from Robert de Bucy; Countess Judith.
    Also Little Creaton, a hamlet with a motte.

    Crick
    Crec: Geoffrey de La Guerche.
    Vyntner's Manor, with medieval vaulted cellars. William Laud, late Archbishop of Canterbury, was rector here, 1622-4.

    Croughton
    Cliwetone / Creveltone / Criweltone: Aelfric from the Bishop of Coutances; Count of Mortain; Osbern and Sweetman from Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill.
    Limestone.

    Culworth
    Culeorde: Osbern from Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill.

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    D

    Dallington
    Dailintone: Richard from Peterborough Abbey. Mill.
    Absorbed by Northampton; 17th century almshouses.

    Daventry
    Daventrei: Countess Judith.
    Market town with Georgian houses. Charles I camped here before the battle of Naseby.

    Deene
    Dene: Westminster Abbey before and after 1066. Mill.
    Deene Park, mainly Tudor and Georgian, owned by the Brudenell family, who bought the estate in 1514. Lord Cardigan of the Light Brigade debacle lived here.

    Denford
    Deneford: Bishop of Coutances. 2 mills (250 eels).

    Denton
    Dodintone: Ramsey Abbey; Countess Judith and Winemar from her. Mill.
    The coal store of the church may have been an anchoress's cell.

    Desborough
    De(i)sburg / Dereburg: King's land; Alan from Count of Mortain; Robert de Tosny; Ambrose from William Peverel. Mill.
    Footwear industry; Saxon church graves.

    Dingley
    Dingle(i) / Tinglea: Count of Mortain; Hildwin from Robert de Tosny; Robert de Bucy; Countess Judith.
    Tudor Dingley Hall nearby.

    Dodford
    Dodeforde: Count of Mortain. 2 mills.
    Scattered; Dodford Mill.

    Draughton
    Bracstone / Dractone: King's land; Countess Judith.

    Duddington
    Dodintone: King's land. Mill.
    Manor house, 1633; 14th century bridge; 17th century watermill nearby.

    Duston
    Dustone: William Peverel. Mill.
    Absorbed into Northampton; Iron Age and Roman settlement; mill.

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    E

    Earls Barton
    Burtone: Countess Judith. 3 mills.
    Shoe manufacturing town with a fine Saxon tower adjoining an early Norman Castle motte.

    East Carlton
    Carlintone: Humphrey from Count of Mortain. Mill.
    Quiet, in park.

    East Farndon
    Faredone / Ferendone: St. Edmund's Abbey; Count of Mortain; Oslac from the king.
    Charles I's despatches were sent here for safety after his defeat at Naseby.

    East Haddon
    E(d)done / Hadone: Ralph and Alric from Count of Mortain. Mill.
    Ironstone; park.

    Easton Maudit
    Estone: William Peverel; Dodin from Countess Judith.

    Easton Neston
    Adestanestone / Estanestone: Count of Mortain; Bondi, the pre-Conquest holder, from Gunfrid de Chocques. Mill.
    Magnificent house, Nicholas Hawksmoor's work.

    Easton on the Hill
    Estone: Roland from Eudo FitzHubert, Gilbert of Ghent and Saint-Pierre-Sur-Dives from him. Mill.
    Rare, pre-Reformation rectory.

    Ecton
    Echentone: Ralph from Henry de Ferrers. 2 mills.
    Manor house. Ancestors of Benjamin Franklin were blacksmiths and farmers here.

    Edgcote
    Hocecote: Walkelin from Bishop of Coutances. Mill.
    Pretty manor house; rectory.

    Elkington
    Eltetone / Etendone: Count of Mortain; Thorkell from Guy de Raimbeaucourt; Geoffrey de La Guerche.
    Manor farm.

    Elmington
    Elmintone: Crowland Abbey.

    Evenley
    Avelai / Evelai: Count of Mortain; Gilbert and Odbert from Walter the Fleming. 3 mills.
    17th century manor house.

    Everdon
    Everdone: William from Bishop of Bayeux.
    Manor house; also nearby Little Everdon.

    Eydon
    Egedone: Hugh from Hugh de Grandmesnil. Mill.
    Largley destroyed by fire in 1651; stone cottages.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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