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  • Norfolk U-Z

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    Op(e)tune / Optuna / tune / Uptuna / tune: King's land, in the custody of Godric; Ralph from Godric the steward; Abbot of Holme.
    Clustered round a green.

    Wella: King's land, in the charge of William de Noyers; Hermer de Ferrers; Reynald FitzIvo. Fishery. 160 sheep.
    Fenland; on both sides of the River Nene; orchards.

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    Wachetuna / Waketune: Count Alan; Roger Bigot and Durand from him.
    On a Roman road; possibly pre-Conquest church tower.

    Wal(e)cheta / Walecota: Humphrey from Ranulf brother of Ilger. Church, mill, 4 beehives. 16 cattle.
    Near the sea; holiday development.

    Wal(l)inghetune: Hugh from Roger Bigot. Church.
    Elizabethan Wallington hall; church tower.

    Walpola: John nephew of Waleran.
    Now Walpole St Peter; cherry orchards; fenland; home of the Walpole family from Norman times to the 13th century.

    Walsingham (in East Carleton)

    Galsingaham / Walsingaham / Walsingeham Magna: King's land; Reynald FitzIvo; Humphrey from Peter de Valognes. 7 mills, 7 beehives. 180 sheep.
    Now Little Walsingham, a place of pilgrimage on the River Stiffkey, and Great Walsingham, a small market town, with a market place and 15th century Guildhall, now a museum.

    Walsocam: St. Benedict's of Ramsey before and after 1066. Fishery.
    Part of Wisbech. Its name derives from the Roman sea wall.

    Guarham / Warham: King's land; Bishop of Bayeux; Ribald from Count Alan; Bishop William; Walter Giffard.
    Now 2 hamlets, Warham All Saints, Warham St. Mary with a magnificent fort, possibly built by the Iceni between 50 BC and AD 50.

    Wasingaford: Godric the steward. Mill.
    Washingford House.

    Waterdenna: Lambert from William de Warenne.
    Roman road nearby.

    Wadetuna: Ranulf FitzWalter from Roger Bigot, formerly Aldreda, a free woman. Mill, church. 13 cattle.
    Small town, once famous for its butter market; church with a Norman tower.

    Wacstanest / Wacstenesham / Wactanesham: Count Alan; Roger Bigot; Abbot of Holme before and after 1066; Aelmer son of Godwin, a freeman of the king. 2 churches.
    Seaside; ancient hall, now a farmhouse.

    Wesenham: King's land, in the custody of Godric; Wymer from Roger Bigot.
    Now 2 villages, Weasenham All Saints and St. Peter.

    Wetinga / inge: King's land, in the charge of William de Noyers; William de Warenne and Wazelin and Osward from him. ½ fishery.
    Breckland; Devil's Dyke, a Saxon defence system; Grimes Graves, perhaps the most important group of flint mines in Britain; moated site of William de Warenne's castle.

    Walebruna: William de Warenne.

    Wella: St. Stephen de Caen. 2 mills.
    Well Hall.

    Walnccham: Ralph Baynard.

    Wells next the Sea
    Etduuella / Gu(u)ella / Guelle: King's land, also in the custody of Godric; Ribald from Count Alan; Bishop William; Peter de Valognes; Aldith. 1½ mills.
    Picturesque seaside town.

    Wenlinga: Richard from St. Edmund's. Mill.
    Site of a 12th century abbey.

    Wigreham: Reynald FitzIvo. ½ mill, fishery. 28 mares, 25 foals, 260 sheep.
    Fenland; duck pond.

    West Beckham
    Becham: Walter Giffard.

    West Bilney
    Benelai / Bilenei / Binelai: Hugh de Montfort. 3 mills, ½ salthouse. 200 pigs.

    West Briggs
    Wesbruge: Hermer de Ferrers. Church, mill. 13 cattle.

    West Carbrooke
    Weskerebroc: Osbert from John nephew of Waleran. Church.
    Earthworks of Norfolk's only house of the Knights Hospitallers. It was founded in the mid-12th century by the de Clare family, whose memorial slabs are in the church.

    West Dereham
    Der(e)ham: William de Warenne; Hugh from Roger Bigot; St. Benedict's of Ramsey; Ralph Baynard and Lovel from him; Church, mill.
    Church with a Norman tower; remains of an abbey, founded in 1198, at Abbey farm.

    Westfelda: Phanceon from Count Alan. Mill.

    West Newton
    Niuetuna: Bishop of Bayeux. 8 cobs, 2300 sheep, 16 cattle.
    Part of the Sandringham Estate; houses built by Edward VII.

    Weston Longville
    Westuna: Bishop of Bayeux; Count Alan; William d'Écouis; Hagni. Church.
    The diarist James Woodforde was rector here for 29 years in the late 18th century; his portrait hangs in the church.

    West Tofts
    Stoffta: Richard and Eli from Bishop William.
    Moated site; military training area.

    West Walton
    Waltuna: Abbot of St. Peter and St. Paul, Cluny, from William de Warenne; Abbot of Ely before and after 1066; Oder from Ralph de Beaufour. ½ church, 38 salthouses, fishery. 1100 sheep.
    Fenland; orchards. One of Norfolk's finest Early English churches.

    Westwic: Roger de Poitou.
    Church in the grounds of Georgian Westwick Hall.

    West Winch
    Eswinic / Weswenic / winic: Godwin, the pre-Conquest holder, and Ranulf from Reynald FitzIvo. 2 salthouses.

    Wabrune / brunna: Ranulf from Earl Hugh. 2 mills. 10 cattle, 36 goats.
    On the coast; Saxon church tower. The deeply shelving beach was heavily defended from 1588 to 1939, for 'He that would old England win / Must at Weybourne Hope begin.'

    Hwateaker / Wateaker: Ralph Baynard and a Frenchman and Geoffrey from him. 2 churches. 176 sheep.
    Church with a curious chequered flint and brick tower.

    Hwimpwella: Abbot of Holme before and after 1066.
    Now Whimpwell Green.

    Wineberga: Hermer de Ferrers. Church, 2 mills. 8 cattle, 60 goats.
    Moated site.

    Witcingkeseta: Ranulf FitzWalter from Roger Bigot. 7 beehives. ¼ fishery.
    Ancient gravel pit, the source of rounded building flints. A celtic interlaced wheel cross was uncovered by the sexton in 1900.

    Wisinlingaham / Wislingeham: King's land, in the custody of Godric; Robert from Roger Bigot, formerly Wulflet, a free woman. Church.
    Ruined church; sewage works.

    Witewella: King's land; Reynald FitzIvo. 3 mills, ½ fishery.
    Part of Reepham.

    Wica: William de Warenne; Bishop Osbern; Hugh de Montfort. Mill.
    Part of Garboldisham.

    Wichamtuna / Wichhamtun: King's land, in the custody of Godric.
    Church with a tomb dated 1280.

    Wiclurde / Wicklepuda: William de Warenne; Ralph Sturmy from Ralph Baynard. Mill, 4 beehives.
    Remains of an ancient church.

    Wicmare / mera: King's land; Tihel de Hellean from Bishop of Bayeux; William de Warenne; Robert de Courson from Roger Bigot; Abbot of Holme before and after 1066.
    Early round-towered church with possible Saxon work.

    Wignehala: Ralph Baynard. Fishery, ½ mill.
    Now 4 villages: Wiggenhall St. Germans, St. Mary Magdalen (once famous for its eels), St. Peter and St. Mary the Virgin whose church has an eagle lectern given by Robert Barnard in 1518.

    Guistune / Wistune: King's land. 2 mills, 6½ sesters of honey.
    On the River Stiffkey; Roman camp site nearby.

    Wilebey / Wilgeby / Willebeih: Roger Bigot; William d'Écouis; a soldier from Ralph Baynard. Church.

    Wiltuna: William de Warenne. 6 fisheries. 200 sheep.
    Now Hockwold cum Wilton.

    Winebotesham: William de Warenne; St. Benedict's of Ramsey; Hermer de Ferrers.

    Wineferthinc: King's land, in the custody of Godric. 2 horses at the hall.
    Famous for the Sword of Winfarthing, reputedly left by a thief who sheltered in the churchyard, and enshrined later in the church. It was said to help find lost objects, and lose unwanted husbands, although the sword itself was lost.

    Wintretona / tuna: King's land, also in the custody of Godric; Aelward of Felbrigg from Roger Bigot; Bishop William; Abbot of Holme before and after 1066; Hugh from William d'Écouis; a freeman of the king. ½ salthouse.
    Also known as Winterton-on-Sea; church with a Fisherman's Corner.

    Witton (near North Walsham)
    Widituna / (Wi(t)tuna: King's land, in the custody of Godric; William de Warenne; Abbot of Holme. Church.
    Now Witton Bridge; church with a Saxon quoin and round windows.

    Witton (near Norwich)
    Witona: King's land, in the custody of Godric; Bishop William; Ulfketel.

    Wiventona / Wivetuna: Reynald FitzIvo. 2 mills.
    Medieval bridge over the River Glaven; flint house built by John Gifford of Gloucester in 1653.

    Ultertuna / Ultretune: Thorold from William de Warenne; Abbot of Holme before and after 1066; Ralph de Beaufour. ½ church.
    Wolterton Hall, built by Horace Walpole, brother of Sir Robert, contains some fine Gobelins tapestries.

    Bastu(u)ic: King's land, also in the custody of Godric; Abbot of Holme before and after 1066; Ralph de Beaufour.

    Wood Dalling
    Dallinga: William de Warenne; Walter Giffard; Peter de Valognes.
    16th century hall.

    Wood Norton
    Nortuna: Hugh from Bishop William; Reynald FitzIvo; Walter Giffard; Hagni. 1/3 church.
    Ruined church, manor farm.

    Wood Rising
    Risinga: King's land; William de Warenne.
    Moated site; church with a barrel organ.

    Uidetuna / Wdetuna / Wodetone / tuna: King's land, in the custody of Godric; Earl Hugh; Robert Malet and Walter from him; Roger Bigot; Eudo FitzSpirwic; Isaac. Church.
    Scattered; church with a Norman font.

    Wdetuna: King's land, in the custody of Godric the steward.
    Now South Wootton, a suburb of King's Lynn, and the village of North Wootton.

    Wermegai: Hermer de Ferrers. Church, 3 fisheries, ¼ mill.
    Farmland; ancient cross; motte and bailey castle remains.

    Ordesteda / Urdestada / Wrdesteda: Count Alan; Abbot of Holme before and after 1066; Reynald FitzIvo. Mill. 16 pigs.
    Once a weaving centre, it gave its name to worsted cloth.

    Waranpli(n)cham / Wranplincham: Count Alan; Ralph from Godric the steward. 1½ mills.

    Urnincham: Roger Bigot; Wagen from Hermer de Ferrers. Church.

    Wretham Alia
    Wer(e)tham / Wretham: Ralph de Tosny, formerly Harold. Mill. 21 pigs.
    Now 2 villages, East and West Wretham.

    Grossa(ha)m / Uroc(he)sham / Urocsham / Wrossham: King's land, in the custody of Godric; Abbot of Holme; Ralph de Beaufour. 2 churches.
    Broadland holiday town. The church has a Norman doorway.

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    Gernemutha / Gernemwa / lernesmua: King's land. Hawk.
    Now Great Yarmouth, a seaside resort and port. St. Nicholas' is the biggest parish church in England.

    Iachesham / Lakesham: Count Alan; Ranulf FitzWalter from Roger Bigot; Hermer de Ferrers; Abbot of Ely; Reynald FitzIvo.
    Saxon church tower.

    Ailuertuna / Ailunituna / Aluertuna / Aluntuna: King's land, in the custody of Godric, with Aitard, Roger Bigot's man, holding part; Bishop of Bayeux; William de Warenne; Roger Bigot and Ulfketel from him; Godric the steward. Church.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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