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  • Essex L-O

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    L

    Laindon
    Legendunda / Leiendina: Bishop of London, formerly Aelfthryth, a woman; Ralph from Bishop of London.
    Part of Basildon.

    Lamarsh
    Lamers: Ranulf Peverel and Thorold from him; 8 freemen from Thorold. 6 beehives. 7 cobs, 5 foals, 10 cows, 8 calves, 60 goats.
    Church with round towers, one of only 3 known to have been built by Normans.

    Lambourne
    Lamburna: David from Count Eustace.
    At edge of ancient forest of Hainault. Elizabethan Lambourne Hall.

    Langdon
    Langenduna: Walter from Swein of Essex.
    Langdon Hills, above Basildon.

    Langenhoe
    Langhou: Count Eustace. Mill, salthouse.
    Merged with the village of Abberton in 1962.

    Langford
    Langefort / Langheforda: Geoffrey from Ralph Baynard. Mill.
    Mill; Saxon church.

    Langham
    Laianhagam: Walter Tirel from Richard FitzGilbert. 2 mills. 200 sheep, 80 goats, 22 cattle, 80 pigs.
    Constable painted here.

    Lashley
    Lacelea: Grim claims from Arnold who holds from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Lashley Hall.

    Latchingdon
    Lac(h)enduna / Lachentuna / Lessenduna: King's land; Holy Trinity, Canterbury; Humphrey and Wulmer from Hugh de Montfort; Wulfeva wife of Finn. 245 sheep.

    Latton
    Lattuna: St. Edmund's Hall; Adelulf from Count Eustace; Thorgils from Peter de Valognes. Church.
    Part of Harlow New Town; medieval church with Roman, Saxon and Norman bricks.

    Laver
    Laghefara: Count Eustace and Richard from him; Roger from Ralph de Tosny.
    Now 3 hamlets, High, Middle and Magdalen Laver. John Locke the publisher had a library of 4000 books at High Laver in the late 17th century; Roman remains were found at Little Laver.

    Lawford
    Laleforda / Leleforda: King's land; Peter de Valognes; Roger de Raismes; Richard FitzGilbert; Waleran from the king, and Bishop of Bayeux and Ralph FitzThorold from him; Ranulf, Hugh de Montfort, Ralph Baynard, Eudo the Steward, Roger, Walter the Deacon and Adelulf from Count Eustace. 2 mills.
    Merged with Manningtree; Lawford Hall, an Elizabethan manor.

    Lawling
    Lalinga / inge: Holy Trinity, Canterbury; Richard from Eudo the Steward; Ranulf Peverel; 'W' from Robert FitzCorbucion; 3 freemen claim from Monks of Canterbury. Mill, fishery.

    Lawn Hall
    Laghenberia: Ralph from Bishop of Bayeux.
    Manor house.

    Layer
    Legra: King's land; Roger from Bishop of London, formerly a free woman; Count Eustace; Hugh de Montfort; Thorold from Ranulf Peverel; Sasselin; Modwin. 2 mills, salthouse, 10 beehives. 7 cows, 5 calves, 3 cobs.
    Now 2 villages, Breton and de la Haye Layer, and a hamlet, Marnay Layer. Marney Hall was the home of the Marney family, of whom the 1st lord was Keeper of the Privy Seal to Henry VIII.

    Lee (Chapel)
    Lea: Canons of St. Paul's.
    Name derives from long-gone medieval chapel.

    Leigh
    Legra: Ranulf Peverel. 4 cows, 5 calves.
    Leigh-on-Sea. Fishing; coastal resort.

    Leighs
    Leg(r)a: Richard from Eudo the Steward; 'W' from Geoffrey de Mandeville. 2 mills, 11 goats.
    Now Great Leighs village and Little Leighs hamlet. Great Leighs church is one of 6 in Essex with a round tower. Little Leighs Priory, now ruined, was given to Lord Rich after the Dissolution in 1536.

    Lexden
    Lessendena / Lexsendena: King's land; burgesses of Colchester claim from the Colchester holders.
    Colchester suburb; gravegoods found here might derive from Cunobelin (Cymbeline).

    Lindsell
    Linesela / -seles: St. Valery; Eudo the Steward. Mill, 5 beehives.
    Secluded; charming small church.

    Liston
    Listuna: Geoffrey Talbot from Hugh de Gournai; Ilbod. Mill, 8 beehives. 3 cows with calves.
    White-boarded mill house near Milford Roman villa site.

    Little Baddow
    Baduuer: Lambert from Count Eustace; Germund from Ralph Baynard. Mill. 10 cobs, 53 cattle, 163 sheep.

    Little Bentley
    Benetle(i)a: Hervey of Spain from Count Alan; Roger from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Ruins of Little Bentley Hall.

    Little Braxted
    Brac(c)hesteda: Hugolin from Bishop of London. Mill.
    Tudor Braxted Hall with watermill.

    Little Bromley
    Brumbele(i)a: Roger from Richard FitzGilbert; man-at-arms from Walter the Deacon. 2 beehives.

    Little Burstead
    Burghesteda: Walter from Bishop of London.

    Littlebury
    Litelbyria: Ely Abbey before and after 1066. 5 mills, 5 beehives.
    Nestles in ancient Granta valley route; mill house.

    Little Chesterford
    Cestreforda / -e, Cestrefort: Man-at-arms from Walter the Deacon; formerly Queen Edith. Mill, 23 goats.
    13th century manor house.

    Little Maplestead
    Maple / Mappesteda: Osmund from John FitzWaleran. Mill, 2 cows.
    Church, one of 5 round churches built in England by the Knights Hospitalers.

    Little Oakley
    Accleia / Aclem: Germund from Ralph Baynard. Fishery.

    Little Sampford
    Sanforda: Richard FitzGilbert. Beehive.

    Little Stambridge
    Stanbruge: Ralph Baynard from Holy Trinity, Canterbury.
    Tudor hall on the site of a lost village.

    Littlethorpe
    Torpeia: Odo from Swein of Essex. 2 beehives. 160 sheep.

    Little Thurrock
    T(h)urrucca: Ansketel from Bishop of London; in the king's hand. Fishery.
    Nearby Hangman's Wood contains 72 pits known as Dane holes.

    Little Wakering
    Wachelinga: Swein of Essex. Beehive.
    Church with pillory.

    Loughton
    Lochetuna / -intuna: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066; 'W' Corbun from Robert Gernon; Ralph from Peter de Valognes; Peter de Valognes. Mill.
    Suburban town on the edge of Epping Forest. Made famous by the 19th century fight of Thomas Willingale for the people's rights to the freedom of the forest.

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    M

    Maldon
    Malduna / Meldona / -una: Ranulf Peverel; Hugh de Montfort from the king; King's land; Canons of St. Martin's, London from Count Eustace; Gunner from Swein of Essex; Ranulf Peverel. 180 houses, mill. 336 sheep, 12 cobs, 140 cattle, 103 pigs, 3 cows, 4 calves.
    Ancient town. The Battle of Maldon, a 10th century Anglo-Saxon poem, records the heroic stand here in 991 by Essex militia against Viking invaders.

    Manuden
    Magellana / Magghedana / Menghedana: Robert Gernon and 4 men-at-arms from him; Amalfrid from Ralph Baynard; Aubrey de Vere. Foal.
    Saxon church where Sir William Waad, 17th century diplomat and Raleigh's jailer, is buried.

    Margaretting and Mountnessing
    Ginga: King's land; Ranulf, brother of Ilger; William de Bosc from Ranulf, brother of Ilger; Matthew de Montagne.
    Killigrews, a moated Tudor house.

    Markshall
    Mercheshala: Nigel from Hugh de Montfort. 3 beehives.

    Marks Tey
    Teia: Geoffrey de Mandeville. 2 beehives. 6 calves.
    Church built of Roman bricks.

    Mashbury
    Masceberia, Massebirig: Edwin from Geoffrey de Mandeville; Geoffrey de Mandeville, formerly Aelfeva, a free woman.
    Lonely; Norman church built of Roman bricks.

    Matching
    Matcinga / -inge / Metcinga: St. Valery; Geoffrey de Mandeville; Hugh from Robert Gernon; Edmund son of Algot. 2 beehives.
    Regency fishing-lodge.

    Messing
    Metcinges: Bernard from Ralph Baynard; Roger de Raismes. Mill. 35 goats, 2 cows with calves.
    Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Michaelstow
    Michelstou: Bernard from Ralph Baynard.
    Michaelstow Hall, a Georgian mansion, in Ramsey.

    Middleton
    Milde(l)tuna: 13 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert; Gilbert the Priest; Robert Malet.
    Delightful, wooded slopes.

    Milton
    Mildentuna: Holy Trinity, Canterbury.

    Mistley
    Mitteslea: Henry's wife from Roger de Raismes.
    A memorial tablet in the church to Richard Rigby, Paymaster of the Forces 1768-84, does not mention that he died leaving 'nearly half a million pounds of public money' that he had stolen.

    Moreton
    Mortuna: William d'Ecouis. 60 goats.
    Gravel quarrying.

    Moulsham (in Chelmsford)
    Molesham: Westminster Abbey. Mill.
    Part of Chelmsford.

    Moulsham (in Great Leighs)
    Alia Molesham / Melesham: Ralph from Bishop of Bayeux. Mill. 4 foals.
    Moulsham Hall.

    Mount Bures
    Bura: Roger de Raismes; Roger de Poitou. Mill.
    Belgic tomb found near church with Norman moated castle-mound.

    Mountnessing
    Ginga: Ranulf, brother of Ilger, and William Bosc from him.

    Moze
    Mosa: Geoffrey de Mandeville. 3 salthouses, 3 beehives, 1 dwelling in Ipswitch.
    With Beaumont.

    Mucking
    Muc(h)inga: Barking Abbey and William from the Abbey. Mill, fishery. 250 sheep.
    Quaint old farms and cottages.

    Mundon
    Munduna: Eudo the Steward. Vines, 4 beehives.
    Moated hall.

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    N

    Napsted
    Nepsteda: Aubrey's wife from Bishop of Bayeux.

    Navestock
    Alia Nessetocha, Astoca, Nas(s)estoca: Canons of St. Paul's; Ralph from Hamo the Steward. 4 beehives.
    Norman church with memorials to the Waldegrave family; James Waldegrave was Prime Minister for 5 days (8-12 June 1757).

    Nazeing
    Nasinga: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066; Odo from Ranulf, brother of Ilger, and 2 freemen from him. fishery.

    Nevendon
    Nezendena: Roger Marshal; Hagebern.
    Nevendon Hall.

    Newland
    Neuuelanda: Mauger from Count Eustace.
    Newland Hall, an outlying moated manor house with Tudor brick-nogging.

    Newnham
    Neuuham: Count Eustace.
    Newnham Hall.

    Newport
    Neuport: King's land. 2 mills. 79 pigs.
    On the Roman road to Cambridge; church with 700 year old portable altar on which are the earliest-known English oil paintings on wood.

    Newton
    Niuuetuna: Hugh de Bernières from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Newton Hall Park, in Great Dunmow.

    Northey Island
    Car(e)seia: Richard from Hamo the Steward; Hamo the Steward.
    Island in estuary from which Viking invaders successfully fought Byrhtnoth's Anglo-Danish defence force.

    North Fambridge
    Fanbruge: Theodoric Pointel. 5 asses, 200 sheep.
    2 cottages beside ancient ferry; once of the county's best kept villages.

    North Weald Bassett
    Walda / Walla: Ralph from Peter de Valognes; Ralph the Haunted; Richard from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. 5 beehives. 17 cattle.
    Scattered between Ongar and Epping; RAF Station.

    Norton Mandeville
    Nortuna: Canons of St. Paul's, formerly Godith, a woman; Winund from Hamo the Steward.
    One of Essex's smallest (Norman) churches; Norton Manor House, near Norton Heath.

    Notley
    Nut(h)lea: Aelfric from Count Eustace; Godbold from Swein of Essex; Ralph from Hamo the Steward; Walter from Geoffrey de Mandeville; John FitzErmicion from John FitzWaleran; Sasselin; Roger Marshal. 4 mills, 10 beehives. 5 cows.
    Now Black Notley, a suburb of Braintree, and White Notley, a small village, with a Roman / Saxon / Norman church.

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    O

    Ockendon, North and South
    Wochanduna / e(n)duna: King's land; Westminster Abbey and William the Chamberlain from the abbey; Thorold from Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill, beehive.
    Now North Ockendon, part of London, and South Ockendon, a London suburb. One of Essex's most interesting moated hall-sites near South Ockendon church; smock windmill.

    Old Hall, formerly Sheldon or Sharing
    Sciddinchon: Countess Aumale.
    Old Hall Marshes and Old Hall Cottages.

    Ongar
    Angra: Count Eustace; Roger from John FitzWaleran; Berengar from Count Eustace.
    Now the town of Chipping Ongar and village of High Ongar. The moated castle in Chipping Ongar was Count Eustace's local headquarters. Henry Livingstone lived here.

    Orsett
    Dorseda / Orseda: Bishop of London before and after 1066; Count Eustace.
    Small green and pond. Bishop Bonner's Palace, a ring-and-bailey earthwork, is the site of a former castle.

    Osea Island
    Vueseia: Richard from Hamo the Steward. Fishery.
    Part of Great Totham.

    Ovington
    O(l)uituna: Roger Bigot; Brictwulf from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Absorbed Blechamp St. Ethelbert in 1473.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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