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  • Essex D-K

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    D

    Danbury
    Danengeberia: William from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Originally Daningbury, a fortified Danish settlement; Tudor house.

    Debden (near Newport)
    Deppedana: Ranulf Peverel. Mill, vines, 3 beehives. 7 cobs, 2 foals, 168 sheep, 1000 pigs.
    Idyllic; old houses, farms; Peverel Wood.

    Debden (Green) (in Loughton)
    Tippedana: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066.
    In Chigwell.

    Dengie
    Daneseia: St. Valery; Bishop of Bayeux.
    Church with Roman bricks. The peninsual between the Blackwater and Crouch rivers is called the 'Island of Dene's people'.

    'Derleigh'
    Der(e)leia: Roger from Ranulf, brother of Ilger; Modwin.

    Dickley
    Dicheleia: Nigel from Robert Gernon.

    Doddinghurst
    Doddenhenc: Gerard from Robert FitzCorbucion.
    Old stocks on the common; tiny Tudor house.

    Dovercourt
    Druvrecurt: Aubrey de Vere.
    Port (with Harwich) for Continent.

    Down (Hall)
    Dona / Duna: Richard from Eudo the Steward; Ranulf Peverel and Ascelin from him. 159 sheep.
    Downham, originally the home of the Selwins, now a girl's boarding school. Matthew Prior, diplomat and poet, lived here in the 18th century.

    Dunmow
    Dommauua: Adelulf de Marck from Count Eustace; Wulfbert from William de Warenne; Edmer from Swein of Essex; Ralph from Eudo the Steward; Serlo from Hamo the Steward; Ralph Baynard; Geoffrey de Mandeville and Martel and William from him, formerly Aethelgyth, a free woman. 3 mills, 20 beehives. 65 goats, 11 cobs, 21 cattle.
    Great Dunmow, a town, and Little Dunmow, a village nearby. Little Dunmow is famous for presenting a 'flitch of bacon' to any married couple who swear they have not regretted their marriage within the past year.

    Dunton
    Dantuna: Bishop of Bayeux.
    Disused Victorian church in Basildon.

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    E

    East Donyland
    Dunilanda / Dunulunda: Count Eustace; Robert from Count Eustace; Modwin; Ilbod; Hagebern.
    Old; includes hamlet of Rowhedge; attractive, neglected fishermen's quayside.

    East Ham
    Hame: St. Peter's Westminster; Robert Gernon. 4 cobs.
    Part of Greater London.

    Easthorpe
    Estorp: Hugh from Count Eustace.
    Now joined with Copford; small, Norman Roman-tiled church.

    Easton
    E(i)stanes: William de warenne, formerly Dove, a free woman; Richard from Geoffrey de Mandeville; Walter the Deacon; Matthew de Mortagne. 2 mills, 9 beehives. 23 cattle, 24 goats.
    Now 2 villages, Great and Little Easton. Remains of a motte and bailey castle at Great Easton; Easton Lodge in Little Easton.

    Eastwood
    Estuuda / Nestuda: Swein of Essex and Robert from him. Mill. 2 foals.
    On the edge of Stansted airport; Norman church.

    Eiland
    Eiland: Swein of Essex. 2 mills.

    Elmdon
    Elmerduna: Roger de Sommery from Count Eustace. 288 sheep.
    On a hillside. The moated mound of Roger de Sommery's castle is in the adjoining wood.

    Elmdon Lee, formerly Leebury
    Lea: Roger from Count of Eustace.

    Elmstead
    Almesteda / Elmesteda: Siric from Swein of Essex. Mill, salthouse, 2 beehives. 80 goats, 5 cobs, 190 sheep.
    Medieval hall; Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Elsenham
    Alenham / Elsenham: Peter from Robert Gernon; John, nephew of Waleran. Mill. Calf.
    Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Emanuel Wood
    Monehala / Munehala: Hervey from Count Alan; Germund from Geoffrey de Mandeville.

    Epping
    Ep(p)inga / inges: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066; Osbern from Count Alan; 2 freemen from ranulf, brother of Ilger.
    Market town; its name means 'the people on the upland'. The old church lies in rural Epping Upland. Epping Forest was originally called Waltham Forest.

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    F

    Fairstead
    Fairsteda: Thorold from Ranulf Peverel. Mill, 3 beehives.
    Remote; Roman-bricked Norman church.

    Fanton
    Fantune/ Phantuna: Westminster Abbey before and after 1066; Barking Abbey.
    Fanton Hall.

    Farnham
    Phern(e)ham: Serlo from Hamo the Steward; Robert Gernon; 4 freemen claim from 4 men-at-arms who held from Geoffrey de Mandeville; 1 freeman claims from Ralph Latimer. 3 beehives. 39 goats, 150 pigs.
    Walker's Farmhouse.

    Faulkbourne
    Falcheburna: Ralph from Hamo the Steward.
    Norman church; famous castellated brick house beside the 'falscon stream'.

    Feering
    Ferigens / -ingas / Pheringas: Westminster Abbey and Roger de Raismes from the Abbey; Westminster claims from Hugh de Montfort. 3 mills, 2 houses in Colchester. 5 cobs, 16 cattle.
    Rye Mill; gabled rectory where the painter John Constable stayed.

    Felst(e)ad
    Felesteda / -stede / Phensteda: Holy Trinity Abbey, Caen; Roger God-save-Ladies; Gilbert FitzSolomon. 2 mills. 21 cattle, 200 pigs, 30 goats.
    Large Norman church. Cromwell's sons studied in the public school here.

    Finchingfield
    Fincing(h)efelda / Phincing(h)efelda: Otto the Goldsmith, formerly Queen Edith; Guy from Count Eustace; Count Alan and Hervey from him; Elinant, Arnold, 2 men-at-arms and 11 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert. 2 mills. 25 cattle.
    Pond; windmill. Wethersfield airbase is nearby.

    Fingrith
    Phingheria: King's land. 1000 pigs.
    Fingrith Hall.

    Fobbing
    Phobinge: Count Eustace. Fishery.
    On a hill overlooking marshes; Saxon church; 15th century Lion Inn.

    Fordham
    For(de)ham: William de Warenne; Wulmer from Richard FitzGilbert; Tovild claims from Richard FitzGilbert; Geoffrey from Hugh de Gournai. Mill, 6 beehives. 25 goats.
    Roman-bricked church; medieval Hall.

    Fouchers
    Ginga: 'W' from Ranulf, brother of Ilger; formerly 2 girls.

    Foulton
    Fuletuna: Odard from Swein of Essex; Gerard from Robert FitzCorbucion. 2 beehives.

    Foxearth
    Foscearde: 19 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Moated 15th century hall, now a farmhouse; 16th century cottage, now a post office.

    Frating
    Frat- / Fretinga: Count Eustace; Thorold from Ranulf Peverel. 6 beehives. 2 cows.
    Anglo-Saxon church.

    Frinton
    Frie(n)tuna: Ralph de Marcy from Count Eustace; Rainalm from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Seaside resort. First telephone cable to a lighthouse at sea was laid here in 1893.

    Fristling
    Festinges: Barking Abbey.

    Frowick
    Froruuica: Count Eustace.

    Fryerning and Ingatestone
    Inga: Robert Gernon and Ilger and William from him; Battle Abbey. 2 beehives. 5 cobs, 2 calves.
    Town. Off London - Chelmsford Roman road; magnificent red-towered, Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Fyfield
    Fifhida / Altera Fifhida: Iwain from Count Eustace; Roger from John FitzWaleran. Mill, beehive.
    Winding, with willow-shaded River Roding; 13th century hall; Roman-tiled Norman church.

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    G

    Gestingthorpe
    Ghestingetorp / Glestingethorp: William Peche from Richard FitzGilbert; Otto the Goldsmith.
    Roman-bricked Norman church. Captain Oates, who died trying to save others in Scott's 1912 Antarctic expedition, was born here.

    Goldhanger
    Goldhangra: Adelulf from Count Eustace; Hugh FitzMauger from Hugh de Montfort; Richard from Ranulf Peverel. 1 salthouses. Cow.
    Roman-bricked Norman church. A wheel-turned pump is still in use.

    Goldingham
    Goldingham: Hubert from Robert Malet. 5 beehives. 260 sheep.
    Goldingham Hall, a manor house.

    Good Easter
    Estra: Canons of St. Martins, London. Mill.

    Great Baddow
    Baduuen: Holy Trinity Abbey, Caen; Roger God-save-Ladies. Foal, 13 goats.
    Stone Age and Bronze Age remains; Roman tiles in the church.

    Great Bentley
    Benetle(i)a: Aubrey de Vere. Salthouse. 100 sheep, 3 cows, 26 cattle.

    Great Braxted
    Brac(c)hesteda: Richard from Eudo the Steward; Guthmund from Hamo the Steward. mill, 4 beehives.
    Park.

    Great Bromley
    Brunhele(i)a: Ralph Pinel.

    Great Burstead
    Burghesteda: Bishop of Bayeux.
    Attractive.

    Great Chesterford
    Cestreforde: Picot the Sheriff in the King's hand. 2 mills.
    Remains of Belgic settlement; Roman fort and town.

    Great Maplestead
    Maplesteda / Mappesteda: Ilger from Robert Gernon. 2 beehives. 23 goats.
    Church, probably Saxon.

    Great Oakley
    Accleia / Adem: Robert Gernon. Mill, 2 salthouses. 4 cobs.

    Great Saling
    Salinges: Thurstan from John FitzWaleran; Algar from Richard FitzGilbert.

    Great Sampford
    Sanforda: Godric the Steward in the king's hand. Mill.
    Separated from Little Sampford by a row of pylons.

    Great Slam(p)seys
    Slamonsheia: Roger from Bishop of London.

    Great Stambridge
    Stanbruge: Swein from Bishop of Bayeux and Wicard from him. Mill.
    Saxon church. The ancient tide mill was burned down in 1965.

    Great Wakering
    Wachelinga: Swein of Essex. 4 cobs.
    Farming.

    Great Whitmans
    Witham: Ansketel from Robert Gernon.

    Greenstead (near Colchester)
    Grenesteda: King's land; Count Eustace; John FitzWaleran. 2 houses, mill. 40 goats.
    In the borough of Colchester. The church was in the centre of the Parliamentarian fort during the siege of 1648.

    Greensted-juxta-Ongar
    Gernesteda: Hamo the Steward. Mill.
    Famous wooden Saxon church in which King Edmund's body rested (1013) en route to Bury St. Edmunds.

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    H

    Hadstock
    Cadenham: Ely Abbey before and after 1066.
    Late Saxon church; timber-framed manor house.

    Hallingbury
    Halingeb(er)ia / -heberia / Hallingeberia: Bishop of London; Walter from Swein of Essex; Roger d'Auberville; Martel and Hugh from Geoffrey de Mandeville. 2 mills, 10 beehives. 2 foals, 32 goats.
    Now 2 villages, Great and Little Hallingbury. Hallingbury Place, a thatched cottage in Hallingbury, was the home of William Parker, Baron Morley, who discovered the Gunpowder Plot. Wallbury Camp, an Iron Age settlement, is in Little Hallingbury.

    Halstead
    Hal(te)steda: William de Warenne; 22 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert; Wulfwin claims from Waleran; a freeman claims from Alfred who held it from Richard FitzGilbert. 3 mills, 2 beehives.
    Town. Remains of a 'smock' windmill on the site of 13th century 'Cheeping' market. Stansted Hall was the home of the Bourchier family, including Thomas, the 15th century cardinal who crowned Edward IV, Richard III and Henry VII.

    Hanningfield
    Haningefelda: Richard FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Wulfbert and Ranulf from William de Warenne; Berengar from Ralph Baynard; Ranulf from Robert FitzCorbucion.
    Now 3 villages, East, South and West Hanningfield.

    Harlow
    Herlaua: St. Edmund's Abbey before and after 1066; Geoffrey from Count Eustace; Thorgils from Eudo the Steward; Richard from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. Mill, 7 beehives. 8 cobs, 43 goats, 3 foals.
    New Town, adjacent to the medieval clothing town. Market; sports centre.

    Hassenbrook
    Hasing(h)ebroc: FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Thorold from Swein of Essex.
    Hassenbrook Hall.

    Hatfield Peverel
    Ha(d)felda: Bishop of Bayeux; Ranulf Peverel and Serlo, Arnulf and Richard from him. 5 men-at-arms. 2 mills. 5 cobs, 4 foals, 5 cows, 7 calves, 20 goats.
    The church is the nave of an ancient priory church founded by Ranulf Peverel.

    Havering-atte-Bower
    Hauelingas / Haueringas: King's land; Westminster Abbey. Mill. 160 pigs, 269 sheep.
    Havering Park; manor house.

    Hawkwell
    Hac(he)uuella / Hechuuella: Godfrey from Swein of Essex; Pirot from Eudo the Steward; Eudo the Steward. 4 beehives. 6 cobs.

    Hazeleigh
    Halesheia / Halesleia: Serlo and Godric from Ranulf Peverel. 4 cows.

    Helions Bumpstead
    Bumesteda / Bunsteda: Aethelhelm from Aubrey de Vere; Edwy a freeman, claims from Robert Blunt. 5 beehives. Foal, 5 cobs, 40 goats.
    Elizabethan manor house, Boblow Hall.

    Hempstead
    Hansteda: Robert de Vatteville from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Dick Turpin, highwayman, was born at the 17th century inn. William Harvey, discoverer of blood circulation, is buried in the church.

    Henham
    Henham: Ralph Baynard; formerly Aethelgyth, a free woman; 2 freemen claim from Ralph Baynard. 10 beehives. 8 cobs.
    Broad green; long, moat-like pond.

    Henny
    Hanies / Heni(es): Thorold from Ranulf Peverel; Roger from John FitzWaleran; Robert de Vaux from Roger Bigot. Mill, 3 beehives. 5 cobs, 9 cows with calves.
    Now the hamlet of Great Henny, and locality of Little Henny.

    Heybridge (formerly Tidwoldington)
    Tidwoldituna: Canons of St. Paul's before and after 1066. Mill, salthouse, 3 beehives. 150 sheep.
    Part of the borough of Maldon; Roman-bricked Norman church.

    Higham (Hill)
    Hecham: Peter de Valognes. 2 beehives. 15 cattle, 1 ox.

    High Easter
    Estre: Geoffrey de Mandeville. 17 beehives.
    Roman-bricked church.

    Hockley
    Hacheleia / Hocheleia: Barking Abbey before and after 1066; Godbold, Odo and Payne from Swein of Essex. 3 mills, 10 beehives. 4 cobs, 300 sheep, 53 goats.
    London suburb; church where Roman coins were found.

    Holland
    Ho(i)landa: Adelulf from Count Eustace; Leofstan from Walter de Douai.
    Now the village of Great Holland, and Holland-on-Sea, part of Clacton.

    Horndon
    Tor(n)induna: Bishop of Bayeux; Siric from Swein of Essex; Drogo from William Peverel. 5 cows.
    Now the hamlet of East Horndon, and West Horndon, absorbed in Ingrave. Anne Boleyn's head is said to lie in East Horndon church.

    Horndon-on-the-Hill
    Hornindune: William from Bishop of London; Warner from Count Eustace; Payne from Swein of Essex; Hugh de St. Quentin; Edmund, son of Algot; Godwin Woodhen holds land Hugh de St. Quentin held from the king; the king claims from Godwin Woodhen.
    Overlooking the Thames estuary.

    Horseham
    Ersham, Hers(h)am: Battle Abbey; Aethelhelm from Aubrey de Vere; Widelard from Richard FitzGilbert; Widelard from the king. 3 beehives.
    Horseham Hall.

    Housham
    Ouesham: Richard from William de Warenne; Roger from Ralph de Tosny. 3 beehives. Calf.
    Now Housham Tye.

    Howbridge
    Hobruge: FitzBrian from Bishop of London; Richard from Robert Gernon. Mill. 24 goats.

    Howe
    Weninchou / Weninghou: Germund from Richard FitzGilbert. 32 goats.
    The Howe, a manor house near Halsted.

    Hunt's Hall, formerly Pooley
    Polheia: William de Warenne. Mill, 2 beehives.
    Manor house.

    Hutton
    Atahoi: Battle Abbey. 4 beehives. 3 cobs, 19 cattle, 92 pigs.
    Suburb of Brentwood.

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    I

    Ilford
    Ilefort: Jocelyn Lorimer. Mill, fishery.
    London borough; photographic industry; paper mill.

    Iltney
    Altenai / Eltenai: Count Eustace; Ralph from Swein of Essex.
    Iltney Farm.

    Ingrave
    Inga: FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Serlo from Ranulf Peverel; 'W' from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. 3 beehives.
    Merged with West Horndon. Thorndon Hall was the home of the 9th Earl of Petre.

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    J

    Jacques Hall, formerly Manston
    Manestuna: Roger de Raismes. Salthouse.
    Ja(c)ques Bay, near Wrabness.

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    K

    Kelvedon
    Chelleuadana / -euedana: Westminster Abbey; William FitzGross from Hugh de Montfort. 2 mills. 140 sheep.
    Large; on the site of a Belgic village and Roman settlement; Norman church with Roman bricks.

    Kelvedon Hatch
    Kal- / Kelenduna: Westminster Abbey; Herbert's nephew from Bishop of Bayeux; Ralph from Hamo the Steward. Mill.
    Woodland area; 3 old parks including Kelvedon Hall's. 'Hatch' mean 'forest gate'.

    Kenningtons
    Helituna / Kelituna: Wulfbert from William de Warenne; Leofstan from Swein of Essex.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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